Founders are sometimes concerned that investors may steal their ideas. They usually come up with the same solution: "I will ask for an NDA before sending my deck."
Yet, the NDA, or Non-Disclosure Agreement, is a document that no self-respecting investor will sign on first contact.
Today, I would like to explain why investors don't sign NDAs, and furthermore, why founders shouldn't ask for a NDA anyways.
Table of Contents
1. Founders don't have enough power to demand a NDA
That's the raw, simple answer.
For the investor, you’re just one of five pitches on a random Tuesday. They’ve got options. Why would they agree to an NDA?
Power dynamics are a thing, and in this case, they don't play in your favor.
2. An NDA adds unnecessary friction
Just like any sales process, less friction results in a higher conversion rate.
Especially with cold outreach, if an investor finds interest in your email, they should be able to instantly access the deck. Asking for a NDA first would absolutely crush your open rate.
On top of that, remember that investing is a social activity. Michael Haddad says it best:
Also, excited investors will want to forward your deck to other investors in their network who might want to be in on the deal. Why reduce your chances of getting more investors by increasing friction?— Michael Haddad (@Michael_Haddad0) October 13, 2023
3. NDA are for due diligence, not for first contact
Once the investor has confirmed interest, you will move to the due diligence stage, where sensitive information is shared: financials, IP, clients, etc.
At this point, you can probably ask for a NDA, and the investor has an actual reason to make the effort.
Before that, it's just too early.
4. Founders cannot enforce NDAs anyways
Do you have $100k to spend in legal fees anyways? Probably not.
So what will you do in the unlikely case where the VC breaks the NDA? Probably not much.
Remember it is very very difficult to enforce a NDA. Speak to your counsel. So unless there is a genuine reason to need a NDA, pls do not ask a VC to sign one.— Deepak Shahdadpuri (@dishahdadpuri) April 17, 2021
5. A NDA would add extra complexity to the investor's job
A VC reviews hundreds of pitches for companies that are similar to yours. That's the definition of their jobs.
Signing a NDA with every company they meet would put an absurd legal weight above their heads. Maybe they could do it for 1 company. For 100, there's no way. It's just not realistic.
6. Asking for a NDA has become a negative meme in itself
For all the reasons listed above, asking for a NDA is not the industry standard.
By asking for an NDA, you're signaling that you don't know any better. You're signaling that you're an outsider, a noob founder who probably values idea over execution.
For many investors, that signal is enough in and of itself to be a deal breaker, regardless of the merits of your startup.
Here's how to protect your startup without a NDA
The truth is there's not much you can do to protect your startup while raising funds.
Still, here are 3 things you could do:
At the end of the day, "ideas are just a multiplier of execution". (Derek Sivers)
Your idea may be good, but it's only valuable if you can execute - and it's pretty much worthless otherwise.
To protect your idea, you may choose to go stealth, but this will hinder your ability to raise, and more broadly, your ability to execute.
Sure, there are exceptions, but the trade-off is probably not worth it.